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 Israel Antiquities Authority

Treasure from Final Jewish Revolt Against Rome Found in Lod

Evidence of the Gallus Revolt, the last Jewish resistance against Roman rule was uncovered in Lod on Sunday, June 16. The dramatic discovery – a large public building, in whose foundations a 1650-year-old hoard was hidden, will be publicized in a new book commensurate with the annual Central Israel Region Archaeological Conference, open to the public free of charge.

The conference will be held in the Eretz Yisrael Museum in Tel Aviv and jointly hosted by Tel Aviv University, Bar Ilan University, and the Israel Antiquities Authority.

An excavation on Nordau Street in Lod, led by the Israel Antiquities Authority and funded by the Lod Municipality, uncovered a public building from the Late Roman—Early Byzantine period that suffered violent destruction.

Its foundations held 94 silver and bronze coins dating 221-354 AC, which were deliberately placed there – in the hopes of returning to collect them when the situation calms. The latest coins are dated from the time of the Gallus Revolt (351-354 AC).

Though written evidence is sparse regarding this revolt, texts are reporting that major Jewish communities such as Lod, Zipori, and Tiberias were destroyed by the forces of Roman Ceasar Flavius Constantinus Gallus.

Among the various finds in the building were impressive stone and marble artifacts; Greek, Hebrew, and Latin inscriptions, and one inscription bearing the name of a Jewish man from a priestly family, which is still being studied. These inscriptions, coupled with the complete absence of pig bones from the bone assemblage uncovered on this site, attest to this building’s association with the Jewish community. (YNet / VFI News)

“The sons of Elpaal: Eber, Misham, Shemed (who built Ono and Lod with its surrounding villages), and Beriah and Shema, who were heads of families of those living in Aijalon and who drove out the inhabitants of Gath.” - 1 Chronicles 8:12-13

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